The rapid dissemination of COVID-19 has revealed and intensified many systemic problems in the health response systems of governments. All these problems point to an inability to scale out the solution according to the outbreak ‘s expansion.
Such a wide variety of use cases suggest that IoT is indeed part of the solution to address the specific challenges that COVID-19 poses.
The Internet of Things benefits the healthcare system by providing proper monitoring of COVID-19 patients, by operating an interconnected network. This technology helps to enhance patient satisfaction and decreases readmission rates in the hospital.
How IoT Connected With the Healthcare System?
Connecting IoT with health systems together will help in consolidating scheduling processes, and patient management into one location, bringing health facilities together will eliminate a large number of manual tasks.
Considering the exhaustion of all hospital resources, providing a device to track patients around the hospital and ensure that medicine is administered efficiently would be a huge help.
Below Are the Factors Through Which IoT Tackle the Outbreak of COVID-19
Tracing and Mapping
Real-time maps are a helpful tool to have when trying to track a virus outbreak. With some of the latest applications, you can study at up-to-date data on wherever the virus is and how fast it’s growing.
Now it attracts data from IoT devices, not just news resources, providing you a more complete and accurate portrayal of the outbreak.
Pre-Screening or Diagnosis
As we know that hospitals are now that smart to start telemedicine services to diagnose and answer questions about COVID-19.
To handle this problem, software companies co-operated with hospitals and medical centers to set up chatbots on their website and smartphone apps.
These chatbots ask a string of questions to screen visitors according to the hardness of their conditions. There is three main part of IoT in healthcare:
- Monitoring and maintenance
- Energy tracking
Using IoT to Assure Compliance to Quarantine
IoT can also be used to assure patient compliance once the possibly infected persons enter into quarantine.
Public health personnel can monitor which cases remain quarantined, and which cases have completed the quarantine. The IoT data will also support them track down who else may be exposed due to the infringement.
Use of IoT in Monitoring Patients
The scalability of IoT also appears is helpful for monitoring all the patients who are high-risk enough to justify quarantine but not serious enough to protect in-hospital care.
Here are some of the aspects:-
- The daily check-up of the patients is performed manually by healthcare workers who go door-to-door.
- Drones are used in order to report cases, By which healthcare workers can operate a drone up to take people’s temperatures with an infrared thermometer.
- With IoT, the patients can have their temperatures necessitated and upload the data with their mobile devices to the cloud for analysis.
- IoT can present relief to the overburdened staff at the hospital.
This way, healthcare workers can not only accumulate more data using less time but also decrease the chance for cross-infection with the patients.
In hospitals, the transmission of biometric measures like pulse and BP from wearable, wireless devices on patients to the primary monitoring has been used to monitor a large number of patients with the least staff.
Measuring of Air Quality With IoT Sensors
COVID-19 is a respiratory infection, so as it spreads, air quality becomes a major widespread concern. Some toxic particles, like coronavirus, are just nanometers in volume, prepared to move past traditional HVAC filters. But IoT sensors can recognize these tiny particles to enhance air quality.
Features provided by IoT Sensors:-
- Cost Efficient:- IoT air quality and pollution sensors are cost-effective alternatives to fixed stations and can be part of an integrated approach for managing climate.
- Identify trouble areas and emissions hotspots:-The program can detect irregularities or emission hotspots with broad coverage which may require further investigation.
- Improve Outcomes:- Bad air quality and levels of emissions are related to different health problems and life expectancy. The first step of the approach is assessing air quality.
Some companies already make these IoT devices, so you can use them today. HVAC systems implemented with these sensors can resolve to deal with changes in air quality. People have an added layer of assurance against airborne diseases like COVID-19.
Medical IoT devices that stay at home with patients are now being used for optimizing outpatient treatment and reducing repeat appointments, and these devices can be further used in a crisis situation.
The underlying technology and the IoT components that can be leveraged to facilitate a healthcare system to deal with disease outbreaks previously exist. However, they are fragmented and not yet connected.
Therefore, the system necessitates being capable to build up its infrastructure fast to connect the components of data gathering, processing, and storage, so that the system can scale and grow for disease tracking, precautionary quarantine, and the in-patient consideration of the infected.