Go vs Rust

Go vs Rust: Detailed Comparison as of 2020

Despite advances in technology, computer languages are also making progress, and it is important for developers to succeed in a competitive landscape to adopt the right programming language. 

We have seen many technologies that are rising in 2020 such as Dart, Rust and Go, etc. The situation has become quite complicated for developers to compare and choose one language over another to build reliable and intuitive applications.

The languages presently used in the development process are much more forward & improved. Rust and Go have many benefits and are used for web development projects all over the world.

The open-source programming language provides some advanced features for creating efficient applications, interconnected toolchain, memory protection, and a large user community.

Even though both have a few similarities, they also have drastic differences between each other. Let’s have a detailed view of both the languages:-

Go Programming Language

Golang is an open-source programming language that is used to make server-side applications more effective. It is the fastest-growing programming language of 2019 and its success is growing. 

Go was developed by Google in 2009 for the development of a modular system. It’s a statically typed, compiled, high-performance language.

It also prevents other problems or difficulties faced by other dynamically typed languages. Golang is a compiler that successfully compiles the program and guarantees both type conversion and compatibility. 

This language will let you write code parallel to your own code so that it will become easy and straightforward to understand the code.

Advantages of Golang Development:-

  •  Software Simplicity
  •  Simple threads Goroutines 
  •  Concurrent process
  •  Easy to use Smart Standard Library 
  •  Cross-platform 
  •  Static Analysis Tools
  •  Golang is faster than many other programming languages

Rust Programming Language

Rust language came into existence in 2010. Deemed to be one of the extensions of the Machine Learning languages, the objective that the language was expected to achieve better security, performance, improved parallelism, and greater modularity.

It guarantees the integrity of storage and has complete control over the lifecycle of memory. For improved parallelism and modularity, it lets you better write programs. Mozilla, a popular web browser, has been created using Rust.

Advantages of Rust Development:-

  • Simple integration of C and multiple languages
  • Low-cost abstraction 
  • Predictable run time actions
  • Saving time in debugging and testing
  • Strong community support
  • Amazing run speed 

Golang currently holds the highest market position in terms of each targeted traffic and prestige relative to other server-side programming languages.

Golang Ranking

Now that we’ve looked at the fundamentals of both languages, let’s get to the part where we look at how they stack up against each other.

Rust vs. Go: Performance

Performance is the one aspect that weighs up Rust in the Rust vs. Go comparison. The programs have been designed to run at equivalent C++ and C.
On the other hand, Go automates the tasks with a run time speed of convenience. But in terms of Rust vs. Go Performance comparison, Go’s pace of development falls a few steps behind Rust’s high performance.
While Rust’s performance is superior to Go, the former lags in the speed of compilation, where Go is fast. But, often people don’t mind compiling time, so Rust the way to go in the overall performance.

Go vs Rust: Development Speed

The speed of development becomes more important than the speed of the program. A live example of this can be seen in the case of Python, which is not one of the quickest to run but the fastest to write software.
Go is coming with the same appeal. The simplicity and directness that it provides make it faster than a number of languages on the market.

On the other hand, Rust comes with more features and functionality thus it takes time to get learned. The compile pace is longer than Go’s. And, if you’re looking for a shorter development cycle, it would be better to choose Go than Rust.

Go vs Rust: Memory Management

Rust uses a zero-cost abstraction compile-time ownership strategy for memory management. If the Rust program is not a memory-safe program, it will not be able to pass the compilation stage.

In the case of Golang, it is handled automatically during the run-time. In other words, developers won’t have to think about removing or assigning memory while writing code.

Rust vs Go: Concurrency

Modern-day apps are distributed and networked. Languages that have not been planned for these realities are far behind the curve. Developers must be able to perform tasks independently and share the status of tasks with each other minus the risk of data corruption.

Now that concurrency has been integrated into Golang’s syntax from the beginning, Rust has recently acquired the native syntax in the form of async/.await. But even though Rust’s concurrency lacks the developer experience behind Go, it makes up for Rust’s memory stability.

Conclusion

Both languages are known to be competitors since they appeared at the same time. Golang’s growth is faster than Rust’s. Golang is well known for its simplicity and improved programming experience. This makes Golang more powerful and cost-effective to operate in large teams.

However, the choice of programming language should be determined on the basis of development and business objectives. If you’re wondering how Golang can add value to performance-savvy hardware systems and enterprise applications, then get in touch with our expert to discuss it in detail.

 

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