As technology evolves, so do the processes and methods that revolve around it. And it goes without mentioning how web application development methods improve with it. Old practices of development no longer fit the needs of the modern day business and considering how important a role application development plays, in the business world, only those who keep up with the changing trends will have the competitive advantage.
So where is enterprise application development taking us this year? Let’s take a look at the 5 most important development trends of 2016:
Through the last year, the one thing that is definitely on the rise is, cyber crimes. And the sophistication levels of cyber attacks these days are beyond our normal imagination levels. Put together with the vulnerabilities that most applications still contain, it becomes a matter that requires immediate attention.
Increase in hybrid apps adoption:
As we all know the usage of mobile phones and devices have increased rapidly over the past few years. As a result, business employees and even consumers expect enterprise web applications to be accessed through their phones as well. As a matter of fact, Gartner predicts that by 2017, the demand for enterprise app development will outrun its supply by almost 5 times. These days, any web application is also expected to be accessible through other mobile devices as well. Users must be able to access the same application through smartphones and tablets. This adds to the increased demand for hybrid apps. Moreover, there are two main challenges that developers face in native app development: the need for fast development and the lack of skills.
Native app development is undoubtedly a time-consuming process and most businesses suffer from a lack of skills required for the same.
We all know of the never ending communication gap between the IT departments and the business units. They request for a new solution, and the IT department, which is already loaded with a million application requests, gets overwhelmed and takes forever to address their problem, leaving them with little option than to wait it out. While this was the usual state of affairs, the business users, often tired of waiting, started going for readily available cloud solutions in the market, thereby completely avoiding the IT department. This is a problem known as “Shadow IT” and it has been going on for some time now, making it difficult for the IT people to control and monitor business data and causing security issues.
Driven by such problems and of course, the need for faster IT solutions, the trend of Citizen Development is likely to rise high and take over this year. What is it? According to Gartner, “A citizen developer is a user who creates a new business application for consumption by others using development and runtime environments sanctioned by corporate IT.”
Rise of more powerful web applications:
The client-server model of web applications which had been a growing trend in the past, saw most of the work being done on the server and the results being sent to the client. Client-side development, basically was the in thing earlier. However, that is fast changing now. People these days are looking for stronger, more responsive web applications that can compete with native mobile apps and desktop software. It means that the bulk of the application must be put in the browser rather than the server.
Responsive/adaptive design as a “trend” fading out:
Over the last few years, a major trend was the creation of web applications that can adapt to any device and different screen sizes. A web application is now simply expected to be accessible from any device from laptops to tablets to smartphones, regardless of the screen size as well. That in fact, is the trend now. The fact that responsive or adaptive design is now the norm, rather than a trend. How a user is going to access a particular application is no longer a matter of thought. Whether a tablet or a smartphone or any other device, the application is supposed to work across all of them now. In 2016, the need to develop anything less than responsive or adaptive will no longer be there and hence, responsive design as a “trend” will also no longer be there.