Mobile devices have become a lifeline to the users; it is important they are reliable and offer high quality services. Limited display areas, restricted memory capacity, interruptible connectivity and keyboards that are not suitable for lengthy inputs are all areas that developers keep in mind while developing an application.
Android is a great development platform and it is interesting to see developers transitioning to Android from other platforms. Setting up a development environment not only requires a vast understating of the platform, but also requires a unique approach towards it.
In this piece of writing let us discuss some important guidelines related to best practices for developing Android applications.
Good Coding Practices: The main programming language of android is Java and so developers should have a clear concept of object oriented programming, Java fundamentals, classes and objects, numbers and strings, etc. The better understanding you have, the more sophisticated and robust application you can develop.
Use Latest Android Development Environment and Tools: Before starting with an application, get familiar with the development environment and the automation tools. Some features can be replaced with better options and developers can also use new APIs like loaders that can help them build more stable and responsive apps.
Understand Fragmentation and Service Application Components: All Android apps contain application class, activities and fragments. Android fundamentals can help you learn basics of these components. Android platform is available in different OS versions and screen resolution, so remember more devices and versions your app support, more rigorous testing and maintenance will be needed.
Keep the Layout Simple: Simple layout will help applications to load faster and enhance performance level. Your designers should not create layouts that clutter the screen. Spend some good time on creating an effective user interface instead of adding too much functionality on single screen. Fragments can help to compartmentalize without compromising on the flexibility offered for various devices.
Create Apps for the Masses: Every person access various applications from multiple devices and platforms, like web, desktop, tablets and smartphones. Organizations often try to make sure that the app is available on as many devices as possible to capture bigger market share. So, build applications keeping in mind the huge potential market.
Test your Application: Testing mobile application is very important and this will help you identify any bugs in the app. Check the app with input at every step by putting yourself into the shoes of end-user. See that your app makes end user’s life convenient, not problematic.
Know More about Tasks, Loaders and Threads: With all applications, the sole concern should be great user experience. So, the user interface thread should never be blocked by any other operations. All network or I/O computations should run on a different thread of execution.
Optimize the Application: Users often discard applications that are slow and consumes lot of unnecessary space. So, developers should always take care of the speed and the size of app, and optimize it for better performance.